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The Role of Continuous Intraday Electricity Markets: The Integration of Large-Share Wind Power Generation in Denmark

Abstract:
This paper suggests an innovative idea to examine the functionality of an intraday electricity market by testing causality among its fundamental components. Using Danish and Nordic data, it investigates the main drivers of the price difference between the intraday and day-ahead markets, and causality between wind forecast errors and their counterparts. Our results show that the wind and conventional generation forecast errors significantly cause the intraday price to differ from the day-ahead price, and that the relative intraday price decreases with the unexpected amount of wind generation. Cross-border electricity exchanges are found to be important to handle wind forecast errors. Additionally, some zonal differences with respect to both causality and impulse responses are detected. This paper provides the first evidence on the persuasive functioning of the intraday market in the case of Denmark, whereby intermittent production deviations are effectively reduced, and wind forecast errors are jointly handled through the responses from demand, conventional generation, and intraday international electricity trade.

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Energy Specializations: Energy and the Environment – R&D and Emerging Technologies; Renewables – Policy and Regulation; Renewables – R&D and Emerging Technologies; Renewables – Wind ; Electricity – Generation Technologies; Electricity – Markets and Prices

JEL Codes:
O32 - Management of Technological Innovation and R&D
Q52 - Pollution Control Adoption and Costs; Distributional Effects; Employment Effects
Q51 - Valuation of Environmental Effects
Q2 -
D42 - Market Structure, Pricing, and Design: Monopoly

Keywords: Intraday market, Wind power, VAR, Causality, Impulse response function

DOI: 10.5547/01956574.38.2.fkar

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Published in Volume 38, Number 2 of The Quarterly Journal of the IAEE's Energy Economics Education Foundation.