Association Webinars: Embedded generation in future electricity systems of the Global South



The revolutionary decline in the economies of scale in power generation in recent years has brought about a growing international trend to develop enabling policy and regulatory dispensations for embedded generation so that they can supplement national grids. In this context, embedded generation can be described as the small-scale production of power located close to the place of consumption but also able to sell electricity into the distribution network (prosumers).

Embedded generation has the potential to reduce electricity demand from the grid and simultaneously, improve prosumer’s environmental positions. Such a decentralized approach is supported by some policymakers to assist with concerns about security of supply.

An appropriate regulatory and policy dispensation for embedded generation is crucial for it to make a successful contribution to the often-overburdened systems, particularly in countries in the Global South.

This discussion will introduce various perspectives – geographic, policy, economic and technological whilst exploring the question of whether embedded generation would provide a much-needed solution to environmentally sustainable electricity systems and whether such a solution is better suited to certain countries rather than others.


Roula Inglesi-Lotz
Professor in the Department of Economics, Prof Roula Inglesi-Lotz, is the first president of the South African Association for Energy Economics (SAAEE), which was established in 2018 and is comprised of esteemed energy experts in the country. Prof Inglesi-Lotz completed her PhD from the Department of Economics, University of Pretoria in 2011.

She is the 2021/22 co-chair of the Global Young Academy (GYA) and a member of the South African Young Academy of Sciences (SAYAS) since 2017. Prof Inglesi-Lotz was named the Distinguished Young Woman Researcher in the Humanities and Social Sciences category of the 2017 DST Women in Science Awards.


Ricardo Raineri
Ricardo Raineri, Past president of the International Association for Energy Economics. Former Chilean Energy Minister and Chairman of the Board of de Chilean State Oil Company (ENAP), former Alternative Executive Director of the World Bank Group, Professor of the Engineering School at Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, and Economic Advisor of Associated Universities, Inc. Economist with vast professional experience in the energy sector and institutional issues on the economics of regulation and antitrust policy, market structure, business strategy and corporate governance. Has published in various academic and professional journals, and regularly consults for the public sector and private companies. Holds a bachelor's in economics, Business Engineer professional degree, and a master's in economics degree from the Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, and a Master of Arts (M.A.) and Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) both in Economics from the University of Minnesota.


Swetha RaviKumar Bhagwat
Swetha RaviKumar Bhagwat is the Head of FSR Global at the Florence School of Regulation. She is responsible for FSR Global Initiative that develops research, training and a policy dialogue with the countries in Asia, Africa and Latin America. While being passionate about emerging energy technologies like electric vehicles, green hydrogen and smart grids , she also heads the FSR’s program on Universal Access to Energy, which provides research and training in energy regulation related to energy access. In the past, she has worked at the Dutch Development Bank, Fraunhofer ISE, as well as Indian organizations dedicated to technology, industry and research promotion.

John Uwajumogu
John Uwajumogu is presently a Partner with the Strategy and Transactions sub-service at EY West Africa, where he plays a dual role as the Energy & Infrastructure Leader across the region. He has over 21 years of experience providing financial advisory services on mandates ranging from project and infrastructure finance, transaction structuring, mergers & acquisitions, divestitures, financial modelling and valuations for corporates and a range of institutional investors. He has been involved on assignments in various sectors such as energy, oil and gas, mining,, infrastructure and government, amongst others. He has vast experience working in the key energy markets of Houston, Calgary and Lagos, and has advised on over 200 transactions. John is a Certified Public Accountant and a graduate of the Fletcher School, Tufts University.

Xolile Msimanga
Xolile Msimanga is a senior researcher at the Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) Energy Centre and is board member of the South African Energy Association NPC (SANEA). She has several years of experience in energy related research, modeling and analysis on the African continent. She was formerly part of McKinsey & Company Africa's Research and Insights Team where she was affiliated with their global Energy, Power and Natural Gas (EPNG) Practice wherein she conducted their Africa related research projects. She has conducted research into various energy sector topics related to Africa, more specifically research on renewable energy; electric power, electrification, oil & gas sectors and infrastructure. In South Africa she has worked on projects for public and private sector clients in the energy space. She has a deep interest in the just energy transition, off-grid electrification, renewable energy, and power sector regulation. To enhance her expertise, she is currently pursuing a Masters in Management in Energy Leadership at the Wits Business School.


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