Add a Member Publication

New Political Economy of Energy in Europe: Power to Project, Power to Adapt.
Article Title: Norway: A Small State in the Great European Energy Game
Specialization Codes: 11.5 - Other,
Authors: Ole Gunnar Austvik
Publication Date: 2019
Description: This chapter discusses the scale and scope of the room for political manoeuvre in the energy sector available to Norway as a member of the EU’s Single Market (SM). Norway has deliberately developed its energy resources under strong political control, to benefit the ‘entire Norwegian nation’. The European Economic Area (EEA) agreement, which entered into effect in 1994, made Norway a participant in liberal economic restructuring processes. As EU policy aims at benefiting purchasers throughout the EEA area, and not individual member states only (and outside exporters even less), it has clashed with Norwegian energy policy concerning how such policy should work, and for whom. Focusing on natural gas, the chapter examines how small-state Norway has managed to achieve nationally defined goals for its energy sector within the rule-based SM, where the EU is the major political player. The room for national political manoeuvring within liberal EU regulations appears to depend as much on national vision and situation, and on comparative advantages in policy-making and choice, as on EU policy as such. Norway’s nationally defined policy goals were largely retained, with active regulatory and legal interpretation, innovative adaptation – and, when necessary, the introduction of new policies and greater direct state participation to compensate for lost opportunities.
Ordering Information: Full text: See also: Austvik, Ole Gunnar, 2017: Norway: Small State in Big Energy Play: Room for National Political Maneuvering in European Energy Markets. - pdf-version - M-RCBG Associate Working Paper No. 72. John F. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University. 25 pages.
More Information:

Click here to return to the list of Member Publications.


© 2023 International Association for Energy Economics | Privacy Policy | Return Policy