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Chapter 19 - Decommissioning and Nuclear Waste Policy: Comprehensive or Separable?

Duane Chapman

Year: 1991
Volume: Volume 12
Number: Special Issue
DOI: 10.5547/ISSN0195-6574-EJ-Vol12-NoSI-19
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Waste handling is one of the tasks most likely to drive up decommissioning costs. This expense is derived from the large volumes of waste involved, from public apprehensions about its safe and prudent disposal, and from the uncertainties associated with long-term on-site storage of waste as is the current practice. Current U.S. nuclear policy addresses low-level waste (LLW) separately from high level waste (HLW), military waste separately from civilian waste, and even has different packaging requirements for different types of LLW. These differences mean that there are different disposal sites, different transportation routes, and reduced economies of scale. In this chapter, Duane Chapman argues for a more comprehensive consideration of this waste.

Buying Time: Franchising Hazardous and Nuclear Waste Cleanup

Douglas R. Hale

Year: 1997
Volume: Volume18
Number: Number 2
DOI: 10.5547/ISSN0195-6574-EJ-Vol18-No2-4
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This paper describes a private franchise approach to long-term custodial care, monitoring and eventual cleanup of hazardous and nuclear waste sites. The franchise concept could be applied to Superfund sites, decommissioning commercial reactors and safeguarding their wastes and to Department of Energy sites. Privatization would reduce costs by enforcing efficient operations and capital investments during the containment period, by providing incentives for successful innovation and by sustaining containment until the cleanup's net benefits exceed its costs. The franchise system would also permit local governments and citizens to demand and pay for more risk reduction than provided by the federal government. In principle, they would have the option of taking over site management. The major political drawback of the idea is that it requires society to be explicit about what it is willing to pay for now to protect current and future generations.

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