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An Empirical Analysis of Urban Form, Transport, and Global Warming

Abstract:
Does urban form affect travel choices and thus CO2 emissions by individuals? If this is the case, then urban form and policies that influence it deserve serious attention in the context of long-term climate policy. To address this issue, we examine the impact of urban density on commuting behavior, and the consequences for CO2 emissions. The empirical investigation is based on an instrumental variable approach (IV), so as to take account of endogeneity of residence location. We decompose travel demand into components related to modal split and commuting distance by each mode.

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Energy Specializations: Energy Modeling – Other; Energy and the Environment – Climate Change and Greenhouse Gases; Energy and the Environment – Policy and Regulation

JEL Codes: Q54: Climate; Natural Disasters and Their Management; Global Warming, Q41: Energy: Demand and Supply; Prices, R41: Transportation: Demand, Supply, and Congestion; Travel Time; Safety and Accidents; Transportation Noise, Q58: Environmental Economics: Government Policy, R12: Size and Spatial Distributions of Regional Economic Activity, Q42: Alternative Energy Sources

Keywords: Climate change, CO2 emissions, model shift, Community distance, Land use policy, transport mode

DOI: 10.5547/ISSN0195-6574-EJ-Vol29-No4-5


Published in Volume 29, Number 4 of The Quarterly Journal of the IAEE's Energy Economics Education Foundation.