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Cost Shares, Own, and Cross-Price Elasticities in U.S. Manufacturing with Disaggregated Energy Inputs

Our purpose is to estimate cost shares and own-land cross-price elasticities of the demand for factors in the production of manufacturing output. To achieve more precise estimates than those of previous researchers, we do not consider energy a single unified input. It is disaggregated instead into electric and nonelectric energy. The period considered spans the years 1954 to 1977. The following brief review of the literature outlines the background.Hudson and Jorgenson (1974) studied the demand for manufacturing production factors. They subsequently estimated the own- and cross-price elasticities of demand for the various factors by applying a translog cost function at the industry level. Their model included capital, labor, energy, and nonenergy inputs.

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Energy Specializations: Energy Modeling – Sectoral Energy Demand & Technology

JEL Codes: Q40: Energy: General, Q48: Energy: Government Policy, D24: Production; Cost; Capital; Capital, Total Factor, and Multifactor Productivity; Capacity, D22: Firm Behavior: Empirical Analysis

Keywords: Manufacturing, US, Own and cross-price elasticities, Disaggregated energy inputs, Translog

DOI: 10.5547/ISSN0195-6574-EJ-Vol7-No4-4

Published in Volume 7, Number 4 of the bi-monthly journal of the IAEE's Energy Economics Education Foundation.


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