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The Economics of Natural Gas Utilization in Developing Countries: Methodology

Abstract:
The sharp oil price increases of the 1970s, and the consequent balance-of-payments difficulties, encouraged many oil-importing developing countries to develop and exploit their indigenous energy resources. Today, several developing countries with commercially attractive reserves of natural gas (for example, Bangladesh, Egypt, Pakistan, and Thailand) have seriously begun to use their gas resources for internal domestic and industrial purposes as well as for exports. They now confront the basic economic question of how to value gas resources and how to allocate them.

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Energy Specializations: Natural Gas – Markets and Prices; Energy Access – Energy Poverty and Equity

JEL Codes: Q41: Energy: Demand and Supply; Prices, Q48: Energy: Government Policy, Q35: Hydrocarbon Resources, Q31: Nonrenewable Resources and Conservation: Demand and Supply; Prices

Keywords: Natural gas, developing countries, Bangladesh, Egypt, Pakistan

DOI: 10.5547/ISSN0195-6574-EJ-Vol6-No3-7


Published in Volume 6, Number 3 of The Quarterly Journal of the IAEE's Energy Economics Education Foundation.