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The Historical “Roots” of U.S. Energy Price Shocks

Abstract:
Sustained energy price increases in the United States have preceded declines in economic activity as far back as 1890. This finding applies to two different historical GDP data sets. It suggests a much longer national experience with rising energy prices that began well before the period after World War Two. This problem emerged well before the U.S. transition towards petroleum products when coal was an important energy source. This relationship varies with the state of the economy and appears less evident during some periods, as in the years following the 1929 stock market crash.

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Keywords: Economic history, Supply shocks, Energy and the economy, Oil

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5547/01956574.38.5.hhun

References: View References


Published in Volume 38, Number 5 of The Quarterly Journal of the IAEE's Energy Economics Education Foundation.