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Residential Energy Use in the OECD

In this article we describe the evolution of residential energy use in OECD countries over the 1970-1982 period. We focus on European countries but refer also to findings for the United States, Canada, and Japan. We quantify the changes in energy consumption (particularly those that occurred in response to the great price shocks of 1973-1974 and 1979-1981), assess the permanency of these changes through 1982, and speculate on trends through 1983 on the basis of preliminary data. This analysis summarizes the results of a continuing project (Schipper, Ketoff, and Kahane, 1985) to identify, analyze, and monitor residential energy use in nearly a dozen OECD countries (Canada, Denmark, France, West Germany, Italy, Japan, Norway, Sweden, the United Kingdom, and the United States).

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Energy Specializations: Energy Modeling – Other

JEL Codes: Q41: Energy: Demand and Supply; Prices, Q40: Energy: General, Q35: Hydrocarbon Resources

Keywords: Residential energy use, OECD, Energy conservation, Energy intensity

DOI: 10.5547/ISSN0195-6574-EJ-Vol6-No4-6

Published in Volume 6, Number 4 of the bi-monthly journal of the IAEE's Energy Economics Education Foundation.


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