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An Analysis of Department of Energy Residential Appliance Efficiency Standards

Over the past several years, the Department of Energy (DOE) and its predecessor agencies have initiated an array of policies aimed at limiting domestic consumption of fossil fuels. Several policy initiatives, aimed at residential fossil-based energy conservation, have included residential appliance efficiency standards, the commercialization of residential applications of solar photovoltaic (PV) installations and solar thermal appliances, and the implementation of energy performance standards for buildings. Each of these programs alone will reduce residential fossil fuel consumption. However, it remains unclear how they interact. In this article I examine how two programs may interact. In particular, I assess how well appliance efficiency standards will reduce fuel consumption and whether a standards program will conflict with or complement the DOE's PV commercialization efforts.

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Energy Specializations: Energy Efficiency

JEL Codes: Q41: Energy: Demand and Supply; Prices, Q40: Energy: General, Q35: Hydrocarbon Resources

Keywords: Appliance efficiency standards, Residential energy demand, Solar, PV

DOI: 10.5547/ISSN0195-6574-EJ-Vol2-No3-5

Published in Volume 2, Number 3 of the bi-monthly journal of the IAEE's Energy Economics Education Foundation.


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