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Linear and Non-linear Causality between CO2 Emissions and Economic Growth

Abstract:
In this paper we investigate the casual effects between per capita economic growth and carbon dioxide emissions. The focus on the causal analysis in both mean and variance differentiate this study from other contributions to the literature. The analysis is conducted for six countries. We find substantial evidence of feedback in the causality in mean and volatility spillovers between emissions and output growth in the six countries under examination Keywords: CO2 Emissions, Growth, Multivariate GARCH, Volatility http://dx.doi.org/10.5547/01956574.33.3.2

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Energy Specializations: Energy Modeling – Energy Data, Modeling, and Policy Analysis; Energy and the Environment – Climate Change and Greenhouse Gases; Energy and the Environment – Other ; Energy and the Economy – Energy as a Productive Input; Energy and the Economy –Economic Growth and Energy Demand; Energy and the Economy – Resource Endowments and Economic Performance; Energy and the Economy – Energy Shocks and Business Cycles

JEL Codes:
E61 - Policy Objectives; Policy Designs and Consistency; Policy Coordination
Q54 - Climate; Natural Disasters and Their Management; Global Warming
Q59 - Environmental Economics: Other
O13 - Economic Development: Agriculture; Natural Resources; Energy; Environment; Other Primary Products
Q34 - Natural Resources and Domestic and International Conflicts
F44 - International Business Cycles

Keywords: CO2 emissions, Growth, Multivariate GARCH, Volatility

DOI: 10.5547/01956574.33.3.2

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Published in Volume 33, Number 3 of The Quarterly Journal of the IAEE's Energy Economics Education Foundation.