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Comparing and Combining Energy Saving Policies: Will Proposed Residential Sector Policies Meet French Official Targets?

This paper assesses the impact of French policies for residential space-heating energy consumption, both enacted (tax credits for the purchase of energy efficient durables, soft loans for retrofitting actions, stringent building codes) and anticipated (carbon tax, retrofitting obligation). It uses a hybrid energy-economy model incorporating specific features of energy conservation, notably the rebound effect and some "barriers" to energy efficiency such as split incentives and imperfect information. Forward-looking simulations show that (i) stand-alone policies improve the energy efficiency of the building stock but, with the exception of carbon tax, generate a rebound effect; (ii) interactions among instruments are roughly additive; (iii) a combination of all policies fails to meet Government conservation targets.

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Energy Specializations: Energy Modeling – Sectoral Energy Demand & Technology; Energy Efficiency; Energy and the Environment – Policy and Regulation

JEL Codes:
Q55 - Environmental Economics: Technological Innovation
E60 - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook: General

DOI: 10.5547/ISSN0195-6574-EJ-Vol32-SI1-12

Published in Volume 32, Special Issue of The Quarterly Journal of the IAEE's Energy Economics Education Foundation.