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Supplemental Sources of Natural Gas: An Economic Comparison

Over the past decade, the United States has become increasingly dependent on imported energy, and there has been an attendant impact on the balance of payments. For example, 43 percent of the oil used in the United States was imported in the first six months of 1979, compared with 35 percent in 1973. Of these 1979 imports, 67 percent was supplied by the OPEC countries, including 40 percent from Arab producers. During the six months preceding the 1973-74 embargo, Arab producers supplied only 15 percent of U.S. imported oil. At the same time, OPEC oil has increased in price, through the machinations of the cartel. The massive income transfer is indicated by the rise in the U.S. oil balance of payments bill, from $3.4 billion inthe first six months of 1973 to $24.4 billion during the first six months of 1979.

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Energy Specializations: Natural Gas – Exploration and Production; Unconventional Fossil Resources –Synfuels; Unconventional Fossil Resources –Natural Gas

JEL Codes:
D24 - Production; Cost; Capital; Capital, Total Factor, and Multifactor Productivity; Capacity
Q42 - Alternative Energy Sources

Keywords: Natural gas, Supplementary gas, Economic comparison

DOI: 10.5547/ISSN0195-6574-EJ-Vol2-No4-5

Published in Volume 2, Number 4 of The Quarterly Journal of the IAEE's Energy Economics Education Foundation.