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Decomposition of Aggregate CO2 Emissions in the OECD: 1960-1995

Abstract:
This paper analyzes the change of aggregate CO2 emissions in the, OECD from 1960 to 1995 based on a complete decomposition approach. The, study indicates that developed countries have achieved a considerable decrease in their CO2 emissions mainly due to improved energy efficiency and fuel switching. However, some member countries of the OECD have found it difficult to achieve the environmental targets set at Rio de Janeiro in 1992, and should reconsider their energy policies in light of information given at the UN Climate, Change Conference in Kyoto.

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Energy Specializations: Energy Modeling – Sectoral Energy Demand & Technology; Energy and the Environment – Climate Change and Greenhouse Gases; Energy and the Economy – Energy as a Productive Input; Energy and the Economy –Economic Growth and Energy Demand; Energy and the Economy – Resource Endowments and Economic Performance; Energy and the Economy – Energy Shocks and Business Cycles

JEL Codes:
Q55 - Environmental Economics: Technological Innovation
Q54 - Climate; Natural Disasters and Their Management; Global Warming
O13 - Economic Development: Agriculture; Natural Resources; Energy; Environment; Other Primary Products
Q34 - Natural Resources and Domestic and International Conflicts
F44 - International Business Cycles

Keywords: Decomposition analysis, carbon dioxide emissions, environmental policy, energy efficiency

DOI: 10.5547/ISSN0195-6574-EJ-Vol20-No3-7


Published in Volume20, Number 3 of The Quarterly Journal of the IAEE's Energy Economics Education Foundation.