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Energy Efficiency, Economic Efficiency and Future CO2 Emissions from the Developing World

Abstract:
This paper examines the potential role of energy efficiency and economic efficiency in influencing the future carbon dioxide emissions of developing countries. It explores and offers support to the hypothesis that, despite the potential value to the developing world of greater energy efficiency, if tight restrictions on global carbon dioxide emissions were considered necessary, efficiency alone could make only a limited contribution to restraining the projected growth of developing country emissions. This is because of the projected rapid energy growth rates in most developing countries, especially in the industrial sector and from fossil-fuelled electricity and transport, associated with growth in per capita incomes and population. The potential contribution of other possible measures to address global carbon dioxide emissions, particularly fuel switching, is also briefly examined.

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Energy Specializations: Energy Efficiency; Energy and the Environment – Climate Change and Greenhouse Gases; Energy and the Environment – Policy and Regulation

JEL Codes:
Q55 - Environmental Economics: Technological Innovation
Q54 - Climate; Natural Disasters and Their Management; Global Warming
E60 - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook: General

Keywords: Energy efficiency, carbon dioxide emissions, developing countries, carbon abatement

DOI: 10.5547/ISSN0195-6574-EJ-Vol17-No4-6


Published in Volume17, Number 4 of The Quarterly Journal of the IAEE's Energy Economics Education Foundation.