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Measuring the Energy Efficiency and Productivity Impacts of Embodied Technical Change

Abstract:
Using data from the manufacturing sectors in the United States, Canada and France, we distinguish the energy efficiency and productivity impacts of embodied and unembodied technological progress. We find that technological progress embodied in new equipment is responsible for a surprisingly small proportion of productivity growth. We conclude the paper by interpreting this finding.

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Energy Specializations: Energy Efficiency

JEL Codes:
Q55 - Environmental Economics: Technological Innovation

Keywords: Energy efficiency, productivity, Technology change, embodiment

DOI: 10.5547/ISSN0195-6574-EJ-Vol14-No1-2


Published in Volume 14, Number 1 of The Quarterly Journal of the IAEE's Energy Economics Education Foundation.